Frequently Asked Questions

What is a collective management organization (CMO)? Is it the same as performance right organisation (PRO)?

In most cases, CMOs are not-for-profit entities. They manage music rights for authors, performers, producers and other right holders to simplify the management of those rights. Some of the services they offer:

  • monitor the use of when, where and what works are used;
  • negotiate tariffs and other conditions with users;
  • license the use of protected works on behalf of its members and of other rights holders it represents; and
  • collect the fees from users and distribute these to the rights holders.

Depending on the repertoire they represent, they can also be called: 

  • Music Licensing Companies (MLCs)
  • Mechanical Rights Organizations (MROs)
  • Performers’ Collective Management Organizations (PMOs)
  • Reproduction Rights Organizations (RROs)

source: WIPO